Periodontal dentistry is the treatment of gum diseases, treatments range from non-surgical to control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues.
Professional dental cleaning: This is performed to remove the plaque and tartar (calculus) that builds up and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning from above and below the gum line. It is recommended to have this done twice a year.
Deep Scaling and root planning: This is a deep-cleaning done under a local anaesthetic, whereby plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling) and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth (planning). Smoothing the rough spots removes bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to re-attach to the teeth.
These treatments are mostly performed by periodontists (Gum Disease Specialists) and may be required if the outcome of non-surgical treatments were unsatisfactory or if gum disease is in an advanced stage.